Emotional Intelligence Vs Intelligence Quotient (EQ vs IQ) ?

EQ vs IQ

In order to understand clearly what is the difference between Emotional Intelligence and the Intelligence Quotient(IQ), we should discuss what is emotional intelligence and what is Intelligence Quotient separately. And then lets see what are the differences, what are the importance and which one is the most important one to have. 

What is Emotional Intelligence?

    The capacity to recognize, understand, exhibit, manage, and use emotions in communication and interpersonal interactions is known as emotional intelligence (EI). The capacity to recognize, interpret, and react to the emotions of others is just as important as the capacity to express and control one's own emotions.

What is Intelligence Quotient(IQ) ?

    A person's capability for reasoning and problem-solving is assessed by their intelligence quotient. An IQ score is a form of standard score that shows how mentally capable a person is in comparison to their peer group. In simple words, IQ is a way of measuring person's capability to think, reasoning, identifying and solving a problem.

Emotional Intelligence Vs Intelligence Quotient

IQ vs EQ

Before we dig deep into the differences and the importance of EI and IQ, I'll share a true story that will helps you to understand clearly.

Have you heard about a story that physics teacher getting stabbed by a student in Florida? It's still unclear why one of David Pologruto's top students fatally stabbed him with a knife. But the facts as widely re-ported are these:

    Student Jason H., a straight- A high schooler in Coral Springs, Florida, was obsessed with going to medical school. Harvard Medical School was the medical school of his dreams. However, Jason's physics teacher Pologruto had given him an 80 on a test. Jason brought a knife into school and, in an altercation with Pologruto in the physics lab, stabbed his teacher in the collarbone before being restrained in a scuffle. Jason believed that receiving a measly B would put his dream in peril. Jason was declared by a panel of four psychologists and psychiatrists to have been psychotic during the altercation, but the judge judged him to be innocent. Jason had taken enough advanced courses to bring his grade-point average to 4.614, which is far above A+ and would have given him a straight-A, 4.0 average with a perfect score in ordinary subjects. David Pologruto, Jason's former physics teacher, noted that Jason had never expressed regret for the attack or even accepted responsibility for it as he graduated with the highest honors.

The question is,

Why would someone with such obvious intelligence make such a stupid, illogical decision?

The answer: 

Emotional life and academic intelligence are not necessarily related. The smartest among us can flounder on the shoals of unrestrained feelings and impulsive behavior; even those with high IQs can be appallingly inept private life pilots.

    The relative failure of grades, IQ, or SAT scores to accurately predict who would achieve in life, despite its popular mystique, is one of psychology's open secrets. Undoubtedly, there is a correlation between IQ and overall life situations for big populations: those with high IQs typically have well-paid careers, whereas those with low IQs frequently work in low-paying occupations. However, this is not always the case.

The generalization that IQ predicts success has many (or more) exceptions than situations that satisfy the generalization. At most, IQ makes up roughly 20% of the criteria that influence success in life, leaving the other 80% to other forces. The majority of one's final social niche is decided by non-IQ aspects, from socioeconomic status to luck, as one observer observes. Even Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray, whose book The Bell Curve attributes a primary importance to intelligence, recognize this. "Perhaps a student with a SAT math score of 500 would better not have his heart set on being a mathematician, but if in-stead he wants to operate his own business, become a U.S. Senator, or make a million dollars, he should not put his goals aside," they write. The sum of all the other qualities he possesses dwarfs the relationship between test results and those accomplishments.

IQ vs EQ

    My main concern is with a significant subset of these "other characteristics," emotional intelligence, which includes skills like the ability to motivate oneself and persevere in the face of setbacks, to control impulse and postpone gratification, to regulate one's moods and prevent distress from impairing one's ability to think, to empathize, and to hope. Emotional intelligence is a relatively new notion compared to IQ, which has a roughly one hundred year history of research involving hundreds of thousands of people. Nobody currently knows just how much of the variation in how life unfolds from person to person is explained by it. But the available evidence indicates that it can be as potent as IQ, if not more so.

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